Bibliography - Middle East

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Allan, Tonny, Watersheds and Problemsheds: Explaining the Absence of Armed Conflict Over Water in the Middle East, 2 Mid. East. Rev. of Int'l Aff. (March 1998)

Amery, Hussein A., Water Scarcity as a Factor in Arab-Israeli Wars and Emerging Peace, 20 Stud. Conflict & Terorism 95 (1997)

Baim, Karen A., Come Hell of High Water: A Water Regime For the Jordan River Basin, 75 Wash. U. L. Q. 919 (1997)

Batstone, The Utilization of the Nile Waters, Int'l & Comp. L.Q. 523 (1959)

Biswas, Asit K., Core and Periphery A Comprehensive Approach to Middle Eastern Water (Oxford University Press 1997)

Bleier, Ronald, Will Nile Water Go to Israel? North Sinai Pipelines and the Politics of Scarcity, 5 Middle E. Pol'y 113 (1997)

Burleson, Elizabeth, Middle Eastern and North African Hydropolitics: From Eddies of Indecision to Emerging International Law, 18 Georgetown Int'l Envt'l L.R. 385 (2006) (PDF)

Burleson, Elizabeth, Equitable and Reasonable Use of Water Within the Euphrates-Tigris River Basin, 35 ELR 10041 (2005) (PDF)

Caponera, Dante, Water Laws in Moslem Countries (1954)

Caponera, Dante, Water Laws in Moslem Countries (1973-78)

Caponera, Dante, Legal Aspects of Transboundary River Basins in the Middle East: the Al Asi (Orontes), the Jordan and the Nile, 33 Nat. Resources J. 629 (1993)

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Chenevert, Donald J., Jr., Application of the Draft Articles on the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses to the Water Disputes Involving the Nile River and the Jordan River, 6 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 495 (1992)

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Civic, M.A., A Comparative Analysis of the Israeli and Arab Water Law Traditions and Insights for Modern Water Sharing Agreements, 26 Denv. J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 437 (1998)

Cohen, Jonathan E., International Law and Water Politics of the Euphrates, 24 J. Int'l. L. & Pol. 503 (1991)

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Dellapenna, Joseph W., Designing the Legal Structures of Water Management Needed to Fulfill the Israeli-Palestinian Declaration of Principles, 7 Palestine Y.B.Int’l L 63 (1992/94)

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Drake, C., Water Resource Conflict in the Middle East, 96 J. Geography 5 (1997)

Eckstein, Yoram & Eckstein, Gabriel, Groundwater Resources and International Law in the Middle East Peace Process, 28 Int'l Water 154 (June 2003) (PDF)

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Elhance, A.P., Hydropolitics in the Third World: Conflict and Cooperation in the International River Basin (United States Institute for Peace Studies 1999)

El-Hindi, Jamal L., Compensation as Part of Equitable Utilization in the Israeli-Palestinian Water Context, 22 Arab Studies Q. 113 (2000)

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Elmusa, Sharif, Dividing Common Water Resources According to International Water Law: The Case of the Palestinian-Israeli Waters, 35 Nat. Res. J 223 (1995)

Elmusa, Sharif, Negotiating Water: Israel and the Palestinians, Institute for Palestine Studies (1996)

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Elvar, Hilal, Peaceful Uses of Transboundary Watercourses in International Law and Politics: The Case of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers (2001)

Elvar, Hilal, Emerging Water conflict in the Middle East? The Case of the Euphrates and the Tigris Rivers Basin, paper and presentation for Conference on “Water: Dispute Prevention and Development”, American University Center for the Global South, Washington, D.C. (October 12 – 13, 1998)

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Feitelson, Eran & Haddad, Marwan, Identification of Joint Management Structures for Shared Aquifers: A Cooperative Palestinian-Israeli Effort, World Bank Technical Paper No. 415 (1998)

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Göner, S., The Turkish-Syrian War of Attrition: The Water Dispute, 20 Stud. Conflict & Terrorism 105 (1997)

Hoff, F.C., The Water Dimension of Golan Heights Negotiations, 5 Middle E. Pol'y 129 (1997)

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Jägerskog, Anders, The Jordan river basin: explaining inter-state water cooperation through regime theory

Kasimbazi, E., The Relevance of Sub-Basin Legal and Institutional Approaches in the Nile Basin 5 S. Afr. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y (1998)

Kaya, Ibrahim, The Euphrates-Tigris basin: An overview and opportunities for cooperation under international law, 44 Arid Lands Newsletter ( 1998)

Khashab, Wafiq Husayn, Facts and Speculations about the Water Supply of Iraq: a Case Study of Resources in International Relations (1960)

Kibaroglu, Aysegül, Building a Regime for the Waters of the Euphrates-Tigris River Basin, International and National Water Law and Policy Series: Volume 7 (Kluwer Law 2002)

Kuttab, Jonathan &  Ishaq, Jad, Approaches to the Legal Aspects of the Conflict on Water Rights in Palestine/Israel, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem Website (

Laki, S.L., Management of Water Resources of the Nile Basin, 6 Int'l J. Sustainable Dev. & World Ecology 288 (1998)

Lien, Andrew, Still Thirsting: Prospects for a Multilateral Treaty on the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers Following the Adoption of the United Nations Convention on International Watercourses, 16 B.U. Int'l L.J. 273 (1998)

McDowell, Todd E., WATER: V. Water Conflict and the Tigris-Euphrates Water Basin: A Status Report,  1997 Yearbook Colo. J. Int'l Envt'l. L. & Pol'y 202 (1997)

Morris, M.E., Water Scarcity and Security Concerns in the Middle East (Emirates Center for Strategic Studies & Research 1998)

Morris, M.E., Water and Conflict in the Middle East: Threats and Opportunities, 20 Stud. Conflict & Terrorism 1 (1997)

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Nachmani, Amikan, Water Jitters in the Middle East, 20 Stud. Conflict & Terrorism 67 (1997)

Pamukcu, Konuralp, Water-Related Cooperation Between Turkey and Israel

Rosenthal, E. & Sabel, R., Water and Diplomacy in the Jordan River Basin, 2 Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs III 95 (2009)

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Saleth, M., Dinar, A., Water Challenge and Institutional Response (A Cross-Country Perspective), World Bank, 1999 (PDF)

Salmi, Ralph, H., Water, the Red Line: The Interdependence of Palestinian and Israeli Water Resources, 20 Stud. Conflict & Terrorism 15 (1997)

Scanlan, Kevin P., The International Law Commission's First Ten Draft Articles on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses: Do They Adequately Address all the Major Issues of Water Usage in the Middle East?, 19 Fordham Int'l L.J. 2180 (1996)

Scheumann, W. & Schiffler, M., eds. Water in the Middle East: Potential for Conflicts and Prospects for Cooperation (Springer-Verlag 1998)

Shapland, Greg, Rivers of Discord: International Water Disputes in the Middle East (St. Martin's Press 1997)

Sherk, George William, Patricia Wouters & Samantha Rochford, Water Wars in the Near Future? Reconciling Competing Claims for the World's Diminishing Freshwater Resources - The Challenge of the Next Millennium, The CEPMLP On-Line Journal, Vol. 3, No.2

Sherman, Martin, The Politics of Water in the Middle East: An Israeli Perspective on the Hydro-Political Aspect of the Conflict (St. Martin's Press 1998)

Silverbrand, Ian J., Israeli-Palestinian Water Literature's Misplaced Dependence upon Customary International Law, 37 Envtl. L. 603 (2007)

Sitton, Dov, Development of Limited Water Resources: Historical and Technological Aspects (2002)

Smith, H.A., The Waters of the Jordan: A Problem of International Water Control, 25 Int'l Aff. 415 (1949)

Sofer, Arnon, Rivers of Fire: The Conflict over Water in the Middle East (Rowan & Littlefield 1998)

Swain, Ashok,  A New Challenge: Water Scarcity in the Arab World 20 Arab Stud. Q. 1  (1998)

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Topkaya, Bülent, Water Resources in the Middle East: Forthcoming Problems and Solutions for Sustainable Development of the Region (July 1998)

Trolldalen, Jon Martin, Troubled Waters in the Middle East: The Process Towards the First Regional Water Declaration Between Jordan, Palestinian Authority, and Israel, 21 Nat. Resources J. 101 (1997)

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